Category Archives: Introduction: RMPI

Positivism & Post-Positivism

Let’s start our very brief discussion of philosophy of science with a simple distinction between epistemologyand methodology. The term epistemology comes from the Greek word epistêmê, their term for knowledge. In simple terms, epistemology is the philosophy of knowledge or of how … Continue reading

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Deduction & Induction

In logic, we often refer to the two broad methods of reasoning as the deductive and inductive approaches. Deductive reasoning works from the more general to the more specific. Sometimes this is informally called a “top-down” approach. We might begin with thinking up a theoryabout … Continue reading

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Structure of Research

Most research projects share the same general structure. You might think of this structure as following the shape of an hourglass. The research process usually starts with a broad area of interest, the initial problem that the researcher wishes to … Continue reading

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The Seven Steps of the Research Process

The following seven steps outline a simple and effective strategy for finding information for a research paper and documenting the sources you find. Depending on your topic and your familiarity with the library, you may need to rearrange or recycle … Continue reading

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Realism vs. Idealism

Realism •Typical in natural science •Positivism •Theory testing •Quantitative •Experiments and statistical analysis •Isolated phenomena and fixed relationships Idealism •Typical in social sciences •Interpretivism •Theory building •Qualitative •Descriptive and exploratory •Complex relationships with human component Reference: Vesna Brujic-Okretic (2011) RMPI … Continue reading

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Idealism

In philosophy, idealism is the family of views which assert that reality, or reality as we can know it, is fundamentally mental, mentally constructed, or otherwise immaterial. Epistemologically, idealism manifests as a skepticism about the possibility of knowing any mind-independent thing. As an ontological doctrine, idealism goes further, … Continue reading

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Realism

The question of the nature and plausibility of realism arises with respect to a large number of subject matters, including ethics, aesthetics, causation, modality, science, mathematics, semantics, and the everyday world of macroscopic material objects and their properties. Although it … Continue reading

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